In all EU countries, there has been a shift towards making use of competence and learning outcomes.
Competence is made up of:
Modern training programmes normally identify the range of knowledge, understanding, skills and attitudes that the apprentice must achieve.
Learning outcomes specify what the apprentice should be able to do at the end the training period. The apprentice is expected to demonstrate their learning.
Specify what the apprentice has to be able to do at the end the training period. The apprentice is expected to demonstrate his/her learning.
Example Finland - Skills demonstration
The Finnish skills demonstrations take place according to a number of specific learning outcomes. The learning outcomes are identified in the training programmes for the various trades.
Additionally, the demonstration is meant to facilitate that the apprentice's learning can be assessed or checked. The apprentice can demonstrate his/her learning in relation to each of the specific learning outcomes.
In general terms, the apprentice should move from being able to do simple tasks (possibly with others' help) to independent planning and doing larger, more complicated tasks.